TANER AKÇAM

‘THE ARMENIAN GENOCIDE’

 

 

Those who undertake this book, concerning people who have little or no knowledge about this subject, will find a ‘good’ book. ‘Good’ because the book has been well put in a ‘scientific’ way and it is arranged extremely as propaganda. However, many of the Turks will realize of course, that the point of view has already been taken before, as it happens, the ‘genocide’. But nevertheless, attention has been ordered. Because there has been used sources which claim to reflect the Turkish side of the tale. Therefore, it is extremely important that the reflected sources will not be considered as reliable. Because there have been used such great lies, which is in fact a big scandal for the scientific world. In some cases there have been used correct and reliable sources, however, Akçam has frequently messed with these. In other words, these sources have been used in such a way that it seems like there is a case of ‘intentionally’ of the then Turkish government. This is absolutely not the case. I have chosen not to make a summary of the book. Because those who only want to provide knowledge can better read it themselves. But I have picked out some parts, which I want to bring up for discussion.

 

Page 7

In the foreword the following is said: “The national historiography of Turkey does not depart from it; she gladly indicates on carnages which have been caused by Armenians, Greeks, Bulgarians and other ethnic nationalist groupings under Moslems, whereas she does not mention with no word of the suffering which Moslems have brought the non-Moslems, such as the slaughters of Christians, not to be silent concerning the genocide on the Armenians.

 

Which slaughters? Where and when have these been taken place? Here has been showed a one-sided picture of the historiography. From the beginning of the book the reader is already confronted with question signs and skepticism with respect to the Turkish side. However, further on in the book, the ‘carnages which have been performed by Turks on the Greeks for example’ has been discussed but I do not see any importance to discus about this. That is an other issue what must be studied first. However, it is confessed that there have been slaughters taken place which are caused by the Greek soldiers on the Turkish population. I want to reflect two well-known examples of this: During the release of the Greek army a lot of plundering has been done and many people have been assassinated and raped. When the Greek soldiers could not get a Turkish lady from the house to rape her, they thought that they could get their wish without much effort. The house was put in fire, so that the lady would escape automatically outside. However, she remained within..... The second event occurred after dispelling of the Greek army from Anatolia. Before entering of his house, Atatürk got presented a Greek flag to step this first because the Greeks had done the same with the Turkish flag. Atatürk refused to do this. Besides, this shows our character in comparison with others.

 

Page 8

.... They must talk, discuss and recognize what has happened. If such an assessment does not take place, then there exists a large chance on recurrence of these actions....

 

We have always been prepared for a discussion. It has always been those, characters such as Akçam, who call for a discussion from far, but never dare to confront a serious discussion. The reason is because they are frightened to be faced with the facts. Concerning Akçam’s last sentence; the Armenians have never acknowledged their crimes against the Turkish people between approximately the years 1915-1920. Is this the reason perhaps for the recurrence of their actions, which resulted in the genocide on the Azerbaijani Turks in Hocalı (Karabağ) which has been committed by the Armenians on 26 February 1992?

 

Page 42

Hatreds felt by the Moslems against the Christians increased after the Russian, French and later German interventions within the home affairs of the Ottoman Empire.

 

There has never been a Turkish hatred against Christians on or outside its territory. Not before 1915 and also not after. The Ottoman government has had 29 Pashas, 22 ministers, 32 members of the parliament, 7 ambassadors, 11 consul-generals, 11 workers at the university, and 11 high placed civil servants of Armenian origin.[1]

And how many Armenians and other Christians do not live in Turkey? And how many churches are not there in Turkey? Look at the art scene, the movie industry, the world of business to the number of people of Armenian origin. Can Armenians show mosques and Moslems who live in Armenia? If so, how much?

 

Page 43

The revolt in Bosnia-Herzegovina in 1875, and the Bulgarian and Serbian insurrections which followed up there fast on, were turning points in the Armenian issue. European leaders who were angry concerning the bloody oppression of these insurrections...

 

There is nothing the European leaders have to be angry about, because they have stirred up these insurrections themselves together with Russia. What are these leaders suddenly humanist !!?

 

Page 44

The Armenian patriarch in Istanbul decided to send a memorandum to the exilic in Etchmiadzin in Russian Armenia, which was considered as the mental centre of the Armenian Church, which thereupon would be sent further on to the tsar. The memorandum requires the following: that the large part of Eastern Anatolia, which was occupied by the Russians and that was considered as a historical Armenian territory, will not to be given back to the Turks and that the basic rights, which had been granted to the Bulgarians, would also be applied for the Armenians.

 

They live age-long with rights which they have never known among other regimes. They have never been oppressed for any reason. They live under protection of the Ottoman Empire. Nevertheless, obviously this is not enough to remain faithful the Ottoman government. What kind of people are you? Committing treason at its highest level and nevertheless still accuse the Turks of genocide?

 

Page 55

However, the events between 1915 and 1917 had another goal, just like Talat Pasha wrote in a memorandum in 1915: ‘the complete and fundamental elimination of this problem’.

 

Akçam knows exactly that the charges, which are aimed on Talat Pasha on this area are lies and that the ‘dispatches and other material’ have been invented.[2]

 

Page 74

In a report of 20 February 1894 the French ambassador Paul Cambon describes how a highly placed Turkish public servant told him that ‘the Armenian issue does not exist but that we are going to create this’. If we study the tale of the ambassador closely, then we read with respect to the Armenian problem: ‘as if it was not yet enough that they provoked dissatisfaction at the Armenians, the Turks were pleased by increasing it by their way of reaction.

 

We all know that the French had not good intentions for the Turks and the Turkish Empire. There is much to tell about this, perhaps we return to this later on.

........ Wait a second, let’s take a look right now:

 

The British and Russians mainly kept themselves busy with the Armenians in East-Anatolia. The French on the other hand, kept themselves busy with the Armenians in the region of Çukurova (which they call Cilicia). The French interest for Çukurova rose after the internal war within the US, because the French imported cotton from the US and now they hoped to fulfill their cotton from this area. But the French interest for the Armenians in Çukurova changed again after the end of the civil war in the US in 1865. The French mainly kept themselves busy with the Catholic Armenians. The French interest started again in the beginning of the 20th century. This time another imperialistic importance was decisive; namely, the mines in the region. On this the French promised an independent Armenia. Hereupon, they established 200 thousand Armenians in the region.[3]

The Armenian insurrectionists were in fact already armed as from 1894 by countries such as Russia, France, Greece, Switzerland and the US.[4]

After the French occupation of the regions Adana, Maraş, Urfa and Gaziantep (1918-20) Armenian regiments were established under French control, which led to slaughters under the Turkish people.[5]

These are just couple of the examples of ‘humanitarian’ operations of the French.

 

Page 77-78

The carnage in Adana started shortly after the events in Istanbul and was the result of both national and local developments....

There were killed approximately fifteen up to twenty thousand Armenians in Adana. The Ottoman parliament, which could gather just in May, sent a research commission to the area, and the PEV (Party of Entity and Progress) distanced themselves of the massacres. By the court-martials and the local lawsuits which were kept during the following eighteen months (from 10th of June 1909 up to 18th of December 1910), hundred twenty Moslems were condemned for the dead and were later executed, after they had been found guilty of involvement at the events. Seven Armenians were executed, especially to keep the local Moslem population satisfied.

 

This is a one more typical example which Akçam uses in his tale. Let’s take a look at the Turkish side of the events. Nurşen Mazici writes the following:

‘On the 14th of April 1909 after the Armenian insurrections in Adana, Tarsus, Azizli, Erzin and Dörtyol, such fightings have started that have reached the top in the meaning of genocide. After the Armenians approached the little town Erzin, Mr. Asaf (a local leader) thought that they would attack the Moslems and called the following: ‘every Moslem who loves its country and people, seize your weapons’. After the fighting that lasted for days 17 thousand Armenians and 1850 Moslems found death. Cemal Paşa, who was appointed to governor of Adana in August, let 47 Moslems hang and one Armenian. Cemal Paşa, who wrote in its memorandum that the müfti of Bahçe Kazasi was also among the executioners, wrote further that ‘if he would catch Mösyö Muşeg, he would place him in front of the müfti and hang him.’[6] Muşeg was the patriarchate of Cilicia who had given the command to the Armenians to come in insurrection.

Yılmaz Öztuna writes the following:

How can it be that Cemal Paşa has established a court by means of the events, instead of the prevention of an Armenian insurrection, as a result of which armed Armenians has stormed houses of Moslems lasting for days and have assassinated every child whom they encountered. This is one of the inexperience of the PEV, which had taken over the governing board of the Ottoman Empire.[7]

 

The following chapters in the book concern the state ideology of the Ottomans. Eventually nationalism became the state ideology, after it had proven to be that the Ottomanism and Islamism could not reduce the further fall apart of the empire. In his tale Akçam tries to reflect the passage to the Turkism (Turkish nationalism) as a beginning of the destruction of non-Turks within the empire.

 

Furthermore there has been used exuberantly authors such as Morgenthau, Tonybee and Leipzig. Of these three it has been confessed that their work entirely exists of propaganda and has nothing, but thus nothing to do with the reality.

 

Page 95

In this page has been given place to a quotation of Arnold Tonybee.

 

‘The arrival of Rumelian refugees as from the end of 1912 called unprecedented large tensions and revengefulness in Anatolia. This is of vital importance for understanding the genocide on the Armenians, because it were exactly these people, who had just been escaped to a carnage and who would play a leading role now at purifying Anatolia of ‘non-Turkish elements.’’

 

Like generally confessed, there has never existed hatred against a race within the Ottoman Empire and also not before. We have always been brave enough to solve animosities on the battle field and have never turned against innocents of that race of the enemy. Let alone the children, women and the elderly. However, this type of hatred we do see at the Germans against the Jews just before and during the Second World War.

We have transferred the Armenians from one to the other spot ‘within the Ottoman Empire’, because:

 

 

Furthermore they were not concluded of certain duties (we have mentioned this already before), however, which was applied to Jews.

 

Also during the Second World War there existed hatred against American-Japanese, because they belonged to the race of the enemy.[8] And only because of this reason (therefore they could possibly form a potential threat) all American-Japanese as a whole were transferred to another spot in 1942.

 

Page 107

The Russian-Armenian Catholicon, the highest religious authority in Russian Armenia, requested the tsar to protect the Turkish Armenians.

 

This is absolutely no problem in itself. However, until that time (and also later) history has shown that life of the Turkish Armenians has been better than life of the Russian Armenians. But well, as long as they do not strive for the partitioning of the Turkish realm, one who wants to go, you do not stop.

 

Page 109

On the 24th of April 1913 the Ottoman government appealed an official to Great Britain, in which was asked for assistance in the implementation of these reforms. The Ottomans wanted that Great Britain would send officials and governors to this area to prevent problems in eastern Anatolia like similar in Rumelia, where ethnic collision and revolutionary agitation had been arisen. As it had been the British who had urged the Porte to persevere the Armenian reforms, this had given the Ottomans courage to request for their assistance. After they had twisted awhile, the British have turned away the request with the argument that they did not want to disturb the relation with the Russians.

 

You get the chance to help preventing possible collision between two groups in the Turkish realm, but reject it. Therefore, that means that you already have lost all the rights to provide any criticism afterwards. Therefore, that means also that the British are as responsible for the death of innocent people on both sides. Just like the French, Russians and the Americans the imperialistic interests came first everything, also before the lives of people.

 

Page 111

Such feelings were also expressed by Halil Menteşe, the former chairman of the Unionists, who wrote that ‘if we had not purified the Eastern provinces of the Armenian revolutionaries who collaborated with the Russians, then there would not have been a possibility for establishing the Turkish state.’

 

What is wrong about that? What has been done differently elsewhere in the world with collaborators? Do they shake their hands or do they get them a reward for the collaboration? Animosity is being solved by tackling it, or... do I come from another planet?

 

Page 114

The obliged migration of the Greeks from the Aegean area was resumed during the Second World War.

What about the obliged migration of the Turks from the whole Balkan? O yes... sorry. I have forgotten that the Turks were human beings also!!

According to Akçam all activities of the Turks are barbarically and therefore all must be labeled as genocide. Therefore, one-way traffic and the other way around does not count.

 

Page 121

However, the question remains why the measures against the Armenians, in comparison with dissipating and massacring Greeks, have reached genocidal forms. Commonly it has been confessed that a war creates a favorable climate for genocide. In the time that the Greeks were driven off, the war had not yet started and the Ottoman government, which did not want to damage its relation with the European powers, proceeded extraordinarily careful...

At the time the war began there was not a matter of any foreign oppression. Under such circumstances it was possible to continue the plans for the turkification of Anatolia without important obstacles.

 

Anatolia did not need a turkification, because it already existed mainly from Turks. At absolutely none of the places in Anatolia the Armenians formed the majority. Therefore this statement has been made up. On the other hand the Turkish government had been strongly doomed to achieve purification, if she had wanted that. Therefore, she even did not have to this by herself, but she could also leave it to the population. Therefore, she did not have to wait for breaking out the war. But all data indicate that there has never been any will for purification. However, as long as the data and sources show what really has and has not happened, Akçam may still write ten other books.

 

Page the 123

Armenians formed an important territorial obstacle to reach this aim.

 

Here is indicated the wish of the Unionists to establish one Turkish realm with the Turks in Türk eli (Central Asia). What was the strength of the Armenians to obstruct this wish? How can you be so stupid to place such a quote in your book!!?

Page 128

During the war a number of crimes was committed (...) These were taken place because of several reasons (...) I only remember that during the Balkan war there were assassinated 350.000 Moslems (...) One must not forget that the World War was a survival struggle for our country, and they who started those cruelties were partly animated because of revengeful feelings.

 

This appears to be a passage of a Unionist.

If you still can call yourself a ‘historian’ after this statement, then there really must be something wrong up in your head. You give your own judgment and mention your own ‘opinion’ and we have to consider that as a ‘historical fact’. Fortunately, we also have brains and we also can reflect independently, as a result of which we can draw our own conclusions.

 

Page 130

After the war when he was caught and had been put on Malta, Halil Menteşe wrote the following to Lord Curzon, the British Minister of Foreign Affairs:

‘The Armenians imitated the Balkan countries, but they have not paid well attention to the geographical differences. God had placed two or three million Armenians among thirty million Turks and Kurds (...).

 

Above Akçam tries to catch two flies in one time, but in fact he have caught none. He tries to show that H. Menteşe (a Unionist) in fact admits that genocide has been taken place. And on the other hand Akçam tries to ‘prove’ with the words of a Unionist that there have lived at least two million Armenians in the Turkish realm. The credibility of the source he has used is questionable. Firstly, because Menteşe, as being a person who determined part of the government, knew very well that there did not live more than 1.5 million Armenians within the Empire. Secondly it has been confessed that all prisoners in Malta have been released because of lack of proof. Therefore, Menteşe would never have had a form of debt feeling, because there was no reason for. That is why it can be disputed that he has said something like that. As a matter of fact, if there would be actual proofs which could be designated on any form of genocide then the Malta-prisoners would be trialed, because the process against them took place in a period in which the imperialists had it for saying concerning the Turkish realm with exception of the government within Anatolia where Atatürk had formed an own government. Furthermore in the book Akçam attempts to persuade that the Malta-prisoners could not be trialed, because of the apprehension for the lives of some British officers which had been caught by the government in Ankara. This is also such a nonsense which Akçam uses, because the British themselves had no proofs and therefore they appealed to the Americans for proofs. This way they still could trial the Malta-prisoners. But after the Americans could not provide any proof also, the British had little chance. Therefore, the capture of British officers, which was a response of Atatürk to the capture of them who were brought to Malta, has not been the reason why the Malta-prisoners were discharged.

 

Page 131

Dozens of eye witness reports which confirm this view can be viewed in the reports of the German consulates in Turkey. The German vice-consul in Erzurum, Max Erwin von Scheuber-Richter, writes in a report of 28th of July 1915 that the Unionists openly admit that the eventual aim of the action against the Armenians is their complete destruction. The pronouncement: ‘After the war there will be no more Armenians in Turkey’, exactly as it is by word has been originated from one of the prominent Unionists.

 

There are also dozens/hundreds of eye witnesses which cover a lot of sounds differently. Furthermore, the name of the Unionist who is concerned is not mentioned and also not when and where the saying has been pronounced. Therefore, again there has been messed with the sources.

 

Page 137

It was not a coincidence that the Armenian genocide has been taken place shortly after the calamity in Sarıkamış and at the same time with the fight of the realm in Gallipoli.

 

Page 140

Between May and August 1915 the Armenian population was deported and assassinated massively from the eastern provinces. This was followed by deportations from western Anatolia and Thrace. Beginning 1917 the Armenian problem had been solved entirely.

 

Turks have massively assassinated the Armenians and committed genocide. Easily said and done!!

 

Page 155

Suddenly there sounded the sound of gun shots and the Turkish soldiers who had served as array returned with surly faces to the camp. Those who had to bury bodies, found them almost always entirely naked, because the Turks had usually stolen all clothes. In some cases the assassins had increased the suffering of their victims by forcing them to dig their own graves before they were shot.

 

That the Turks were barbarians we already knew. As it happens, they are committers of genocide!! But that they lowered themselves this way by stealing the clothes of their victims we did not know yet. Now it is even almost impossible to call the Turks still ‘human’!! But then.... the next question still remains: ‘in all the mass graves which have been opened so far, have been found bodies of Turks. Then what about the bodies of the Armenians; where are their mass graves?

 

Page 161

Beginning March 1915 the Dashnak branch which was established in Istanbul and which regularly received reports from the province, wrote in its newspaper that ‘the government was planned to move the Armenians from their residential areas’. The whole Armenian nation ‘lived with fear for a massive carnage’. Armenians got to hear that they were the cause of the Turkish defeat and that they would be destroyed.

 

Isn’t it a fact that armed Armenians have attacked the Turkish army from behind? Furthermore, what is more reliable, a bulletin of a terrorist organization (the Dashnak) or that of the government? A terrorist organization which strives to exterminate the local Turks and to establish an Armenian state, will try everything to reach its aim. Propaganda is one example of this. Nowadays, figures like Akçam will find bulletins of the PKK more reliable than that of the government.

 

Page 171

One of the striking characteristics of the Trabzon-process were that there appeared a large number of Moslems as witnesses of the state, such as military and civil officials, like colonel Muhtar, chief of staff of the troops in Trabzon and Lazistan; lieutenant Ahmed; colonel Arif, the military commander of Giresun; Nazım, former governor-general of Erzurum; Kenan’s legal inspector; the head of the recruitment office in Trabzon; Necmettin, the pensioned colonel Vasfı, who also was the chief of staff in Trabzon; and the military commander of Trabzon Avni Pasha. They all confirmed the involvement of the Special Organization with the deportations and assassinations.

 

Now, if you ask where he has got this all from, probably you get an answer such as Tom Zwaan; “recently there have been published two books which I have read and it has been described in there”. It is a tactic of the genocide partisans to invoke as many charges as possible. These charges have to keep increasing so that we (the Turks) will occupy ourselves with the sources of the charges while they will continue calling ‘genocide, genocide’. We must make an end to this tactic by going in attack.

 

Page 188

In urban areas the city announcer announced the deportation command or called Armenian dignitaries to convene on the city hall to listen to the news. In some cases bulletins were stuck on walls; in other cases the gendarmerie surrounded a residential area and then dismantled the houses without any notice in advance. Usually the male population (generally the others who had not been called for military service) was arrested at night, brought out of the city and assassinated. But when the men were determined part of the convoys’ deportees then shortly after leaving the women and children they were isolated, shot or massacred. Leslie A. Davis, the American consul in Harput, quoted an Armenian who had been survived everything in one way or another and explained that approximately eight hundred Armenians were put in the prison of Harput, and had been brought in groups of fourteen to the edge of the city, where they were killed, in this case by gendarmes, or bayonets.

 

Killings, killings and many more killings. This way to hear, at that time Turks could nothing do better than killing. On school it was like that during tests or examinations there would be copied. Therefore, as long as you were not caught you had not copied also, because there was nothing that could be proved. But a fixed copycat would be caught and punish early or late. If the Turks have committed so many assassinations, then that must be proved either way. There have not been found any mass graves and also the population’s numbers from before the removals and afterwards reflect that there have not been taken place any massacres. Of course there have been perished people, both Armenians and Turks. The number of Turks which has been perished during the massacres of the Armenians (this is proved, however) is three times as much as the number of victims on Armenian side. However, we must remain honest and say that Turks have taken revenge on the Armenians, here and there. But during these revengeful actions only the men have been killed. On the other hand, the Armenians killed each Turk they encountered, man or woman, young or old, did not determine for them.

Furthermore, if we have to believe that so many Armenian men have been killed, then the woman surplus must have been much larger than after an ordinary war. But this is absolutely not the case and this has absolutely not been shown in a manner.

We know that the number of Armenians was approximately 1.3 million before breaking out of the war. In 1922 the British ambassador of Istanbul admits that there still lived 1.2 million Ottoman Armenians in the world.[9] Did this group Armenians mainly exist from women? According to a research of Near East Relief Society (an American relief organization) there lived totally 3.004.000 Armenians in the world in 1922. 1.193.873 of these existed from Ottoman Armenians (this corresponds to the number which has been mentioned by the British ambassador of Istanbul).[10]

 

Page 198

The estimation of the number of people who are assassinated fluctuates between 600.000 and 1.5 million.

However, there is one official count. On the 14th of March in 1919 the government in Istanbul confessed after own research that there had been fallen 800.000 Armenian victims during the war.

 

If we have to believe that the number of victims was between the 600.000 and 1.5 million, then in the provinces almost the whole population would have been assassinated if we did not stick out above 1.3. But then there still would have been added approximately 200.000 but than they would never have been existed.

Firstly it was said that the number of victims was approximately 600.000, later this became 800.000 and eventually 1.5 million.

Firstly, let’s have a look at the counts which have been mentioned by some sources from that time concerning the number of Armenians living in the Ottoman Empire:

 

The relocations have been started on the 9th of June 1915 and have been finished on the 8th of February 1916.[13] The total number of Armenians which was moved forcedly amounts 438.758. The number of persons that has been arrived on the place of destination is 382.148. Therefore, the number of deaths amounts 56.610. Between the 25 and 30 thousand of these people has been perished by several sicknesses. The rest of the victims are put to death by several bandits.[14]

The total number of Armenian victims during the war is approximately 265 thousand. These deaths are fallen during the war (just like also the Turks) and have nothing to do with the relocations. In 1918 Encyclopedia Britannica reported that the number of Armenian victims was 600 thousand. In 1968 she made this amount increase to 1.5 million.

During the war the number of Turkish victims was approximately 2.5 million people.[15] The difference is that we only mourn about victims and do not seek for issues to charge perpetrators.

 

The number of victims that has been announced as 800.000 by the Ottoman a government on the 14th of March 1919 was during the occupation of the imperialists. Therefore, there is little to be noticed about this.

 

Page 203

In spite of the dozens of documents which concern the use of Armenian possession, there absolutely exists not any proof that shows there was ever any real compensation paid to a deportee. This lack provides again a strong proof for the posing that the Ottoman government had the intention to commit genocide. There is even not any proof that there ever has been given any land or any kind of goods to the deportees at the place of destination. If the intention was to establish the Armenians elsewhere, then evidence must be found in archives. There have been published hundreds of Ottoman documents, but none of the documents confirm the official Turkish point of view concerning compensations for Armenian losses.

 

As it is already confessed, Akçam has adopted its point of view before writing this book. Then still the question remains ‘how can I prove it?’ Then he tries this way… or that way. Each form of action he wants to reflect as genocide.

The Ottoman government has devoted itself completely for the replacement of the Armenians and has made high costs for this. It is of vital importance to mention this because the Ottoman Empire was about to go bankrupt. But nevertheless it has reserved in total 2.250.000 kuruş to pass the relocation off well and safely. I have not been able to find a data to compare this amount in proportion to the national income. However, it is certain that this is a considerably high amount.[16] There has been spent 25 million for the relocation of 1915 and for the relocation in 1916 there has been spent totally 1 million kuruş.[17] Therefore, it is not logical to spend so much money for the relocation and thereupon still to mention about genocide.[18] According to the perception of the Armenian patriarchate (still before the signature of the treaty of Sèvres) 644.900 Armenians have returned to their homes. The fact that the Armenians have had the authorization of the Ottoman government to return to their homes after the war and the fact that the Armenian children, who were in care by rich families under supervision of missionary organizations, were returned to their families, show that the relocation had been done for security reasons.[19]

On the other hand 1.5 million Moslems have been moved to Anatolia during the war with Russia. Only 700.000 of them have reached Anatolia.[20] And then we even have not had about the number of million Turks who had to leave the Balkans, which were their residential area, and escaped to Anatolia.

 

Page 215

The same applies to all the Armenian insurrections in Anatolia which in Turkish sources is cited to defend the relocations. In fact the largest part of the resistance was a response to the deportations, such as that in Şebinkarahisar on the 3rd of July 1915 and in Urfa in October.

 

Let’s have a look at the chronological order of the Armenian insurrections:

 

On the 29th of December 1914 the battle field of Sarıkamış had been started. During this period the Russians have armed the Armenians and hereupon the Armenians have attacked the Turkish entities. This is also the period that armed Armenians have massacred a lot of innocent people.[24] The Armenians had the free run because the villages and cities were unprotected and the male population served as a soldier on the battle field. The reason lying behind the decision to the relocate must be sought in this angle, such as typical dozens of examples just like the genocide on the Azerbaijani Turks in Karabağ on the 26th of February 1992.

 

Page 262

He (Ahmet Izzet Pasja) did not only block the study on the Unionists but he also destroyed the charging documents which could lead to closer research.

 

Some prejudiced writers claim the Unionists to have destroyed the documents, which would have proved their debt. However, in the Ottoman file system the in - and going out documents are laid down. It is not possible to destroy a thing which has been specified here.[25]

Therefore, it is easy to accuse, but on this area there is little to prove. Akçam’s accusations only rely on statements. Further on, the British has occupied Istanbul for four years (1918-1922). At this time they had access to all Ottoman files.[26] Proofs of destruction of the documents, or the proofs to trial the Malta-prisoners were free to use. But because the accusations were false, there was little to prove.

 

Page 289

On the 2nd of December (1918) Damat Ferid Pasha submitted a new proposal at the parliament in which he called to an immediate study into the Armenian genocide.

 

Akçam already is low of quality... but he reduces himself much more by using even Damat Ferid as proof. It is common knowledge that Damat Ferid was a puppet of the British. He was also one of the largest traitors of the Turkish history.

 

Page 340

The only fighting that took place with the Allies during the Turkish Independence War, was against the French troops in the region of Antep, Urfa and Maraş; thereby Armenian volunteers had been involved who required the refund of property which had been lost.

 

Akçam is really to be disgusted. The accusations which he adduces are low of quality and very nasty, you become sick of it. In the field of the Armenian slaughtering of the Turks under French uniforms it is sufficient to read Stanford Shaw’s work.[27]

 

Furthermore Akçam mentions about the ‘slaughtering’ between the years 1919 and 1922 on the Armenians. Because these lies in fact do not belong to the ‘genocide’ of 1915-16, I do not want to spend this on time also. This applies also to certain pronouncements which Atatürk would have been made concerning the recognition of the ‘genocide’.

The last part of the book concerns the Malta process. We have already discussed this before.

 



[1] Aybike Serttaş, Türkler ve Ermeniler: bulanık suların ardında iki toplum, yüzyıllık himayenin meyvesi; zehirli elma..., 27 Nisan 2006

[2] Aybike Serttaş, Türkler ve Ermeniler: bulanık suların ardında iki toplum, yüzyıllık himayenin meyvesi; zehirli elma..., 27 Nisan 2006

[3] Rıdvan Tümenoğlu, Osmanlı devletinde Ermeni Sorunu ve Avrupa Devletlerinin Ermeni politikaları, 18 Nisan 2006

[4] Türkkaya Ataöv, What Happened to the Ottoman Armenians?, New York, 2006, p. 21

[5] Yılmaz Öztuna, Ermeni Sorunun Oluştuğu Siyasal Ortam, Osmanlı’nın Son Döneminde Ermeniler, Editör Türkkaya Ataöv, Ankara 2002, p. 61

[6] Nurşen Mazici, Uluslararası Rekabette Ermeni Sorunu’nun Kökeni 1879-1920, p. 70

[7] Yılmaz Öztuna, Ermeni Sorunun Oluştuğu Siyasal Ortam, Osmanlı’nın Son Döneminde Ermeniler, Editör Türkkaya Ataöv, Ankara 2002, p. 58

[8] Sedat Laçiner, ABD'de Japon tehciri

[9] Yusuf Halaçoğlu, Sürgünden Soykırıma, Ermeni İddiaları, İstanbul 2006, p. 104-105

[10] Yusuf Halaçoğlu, Sürgünden Soykırıma, Ermeni İddiaları, İstanbul 2006, p. 67-68

[11] Yusuf Halaçoğlu, Sürgünden Soykırıma, Ermeni İddiaları, İstanbul 2006, p. 19-24

[12] Nurşen Mazici, Uluslararası Rekabette Ermeni Sorunu’nun Kökeni 1879-1920, p. 80

[13] Aybike Serttaş, Türkler ve Ermeniler: bulanık suların ardında iki toplum, yüzyıllık himayenin meyvesi; zehirli elma..., 27 Nisan 2006

[14] Yusuf Halaçoğlu, Osmanlı Devleti Neden Tehcir Uyguladı? Tehcirle İlgili Gerçekler, Osmanlı’nın Son Döneminde Ermeniler, Editör Türkkaya Ataöv, Ankara 2002, p. 128

[15] Gündüz Aktan, Devletler Hukuna Göre Ermeni Sorunu, Osmanlı’nın Son Döneminde Ermeniler, Editör Türkkaya Ataöv, Ankara 2002, p. 269-271

[16] Yusuf Halaçoğlu, Sürgünden Soykırıma, Ermeni İddiaları, İstanbul 2006, p. 77

[17] Aybike Serttaş, Türkler ve Ermeniler: bulanık suların ardında iki toplum, yüzyıllık himayenin meyvesi; zehirli elma..., 27 Nisan 2006

[18] Weems, Samuel A., Amenia, Secrets of a ‘Christian’ Terrorist State, The Armenian Great Deception Series – Volume 1, 2002, Dallas, p. 59

[19] Halaçoğlu, Sürgünden Soykırıma, Ermeni İddiaları, İstanbul 2006, p. 102

[20] Yusuf Halaçoğlu, Sürgünden Soykırıma, Ermeni İddiaları, İstanbul 2006, p. 70-73

[21] Aybike Serttaş, Türkler ve Ermeniler: bulanık suların ardında iki toplum, yüzyıllık himayenin meyvesi; zehirli elma..., 27 Nisan 2006

[22] Ömer İzgi, Türkler ve Ermeniler: Osmanlı Deneyimi, Osmanlı’nın Son Döneminde Ermeniler, Editör Türkkaya Ataöv, Ankara 2002, p. 17

[23] Yusuf Halaçoğlu, Sürgünden Soykırıma, Ermeni İddiaları, İstanbul 2006, p. 34

[24] Yılmaz Öztuna, Ermeni Sorunun Oluştuğu Siyasal Ortam, Osmanlı’nın Son Döneminde Ermeniler, Editör Türkkaya Ataöv, Ankara 2002, p. 58

[25] Gündüz Aktan, Devletler Hukuna Göre Ermeni Sorunu, Osmanlı’nın Son Döneminde Ermeniler, Editör Türkkaya Ataöv, Ankara 2002, p. 267

[26] Weems, Samuel A., Amenia, Secrets of a ‘Christian’ Terrorist State, The Armenian Great Deception Series – Volume 1, 2002, Dallas, p. 269

[27] See “Stanford J. Shaw, Ermeni Lejyonu ve Kilikya’daki Ermeni Topluluğunun Tahribatı, Osmanlı’nın Son Döneminde Ermeniler, Editör Türkkaya Ataöv, Ankara 2002, ISBN 975 7479 88 8”